Am I eligible for a 12.44 Reduction?

Am I eligible for a 12.44 Reduction

Section 12.44 of the Texas Penal Code (12.44 reduction) allows defendants charged with a State Jail Felony to receive a Misdemeanor punishment.

What are Texas State Jail Felonies?

What is the Punishment Range for a State Jail Felony?

The punishment range for a State Jail Felony is 180 days to two years in the State Jail Division of the Texas Department of Criminal Justice (TDCJ) and up to a $10,000 fine. Texas created this lower level felony to address the overcrowding in prisons caused by extensive prosecution of drug-related crimes.

Inmates cannot earn good time or parole in a state jail facility, which is why most seek a reduction in punishment through 12.44(a) or 12.44(b).

What is a 12.44 Reduction of a State Jail Felony to a Misdemeanor?

Section 12.44 (a) of the Texas Penal Code provides that a court may punish a defendant who is convicted of a state jail felony by imposing the confinement permissible as punishment for a Class A misdemeanor if, after considering the gravity and circumstances of the felony committed and the history, character, and rehabilitative needs of the defendant, the court finds that such punishment would best serve the ends of justice.

Under 12.44(a), instead of sending someone to prison, a criminal court can sentence a defendant charged with a State Jail Felony to county jail, where Misdemeanor offenders are sentenced.

Reduction under 12.44(a) does not require the prosecuting attorney to agree. This means the judge can decide to do this at sentencing, and it’s not limited to only plea bargains.

Unfortunately, even if the punishment is reduced, a State Jail Felony punished under 12.44(a) is still a Felony conviction, which means:

  • You are not eligible for an expunction
  • You are not eligible for probation from a jury if charged with a subsequent felony;
  • You cannot own or possess a firearm; and
  • You are prohibited from voting and jury service.

However, instead of serving six months to two years in a State Jail facility (day-for-day), you can be sentenced to:

  • Up to one year in county jail receiving whatever “good time credit” the sheriff running allows (in Bexar County, this is typically 2-for-1 and sometimes 3-for-1), or;
  • Two years of probation.

12.44(b) of the Texas Penal Code provides that “at the request of the prosecuting attorney, the court may authorize the prosecuting attorney to prosecute a state jail felony as a Class A misdemeanor.”

This option keeps a felony conviction off your record and requires the prosecutor to agree to the reduction. The prosecutor can request (through plea bargain or at sentencing) that the judge reduce a State Jail Felony to a Class A Misdemeanor. While 12.44(b) has the same two possible sentences, it does not result in a felony conviction.

A conviction under 12.44(b) is a Misdemeanor conviction. An offense that is prosecuted under 12.44(b) cannot later be used to enhance other felony offenses.

Do I Qualify for a 12.44 Reduction?

Criminal defense is not a DIY endeavor. If you or a loved one has been charged with a State Jail Felony, it is critical to hire an experienced Criminal Defense Lawyer today. Prosecutors are not handing out 12.44 reductions to every defendant in the courtroom. Don’t hope for the best. Get the best. Contact Trey Porter Law today for a Free Confidential Consultation.

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Driving facts involved failing to maintain a single lane and speeding. Client refused breath test and forced law enforcement to obtain search warrant for blood. Blood test result was not used after challenge from Defense, and State waived and abandoned charge.



Client was a college student, worried about the collateral consequences of an alcohol offense. After negotiation and review of the traffic stop, the case was dismissed. Client received no criminal conviction. The charge was later expunged and deleted from client’s record.



Client was involved in minor accident. Client was at fault in accident. A young executive, client was concerned that a criminal conviction for DWI would result in termination. After review of the traffic stop, it was clear the officer lacked probable cause for arrest. State eventually dismissed DWI charge. Client received no criminal conviction.


DWI 2nd

Client, a military veteran, was facing up to one year in jail. State could not prove intoxication by alcohol, and was prepared to proceed on loss of use by marijuana. After challenging the State to prove that marijuana was ingested at or near time of driving, and that marijuana impaired client’s driving, the State dismissed the case on the day of trial.



Driving facts involved a false claim by police that taillight was out. After challenging the reasonable suspicion for the traffic stop, the State was forced to dismiss the case when video did not match police report. Client has since expunged arrest, and has no criminal record.



Client is a public school teacher and faced immediate termination upon conviction. The facts of the case were bad. State was unwilling to budge in negotiation, and matter was set for trial – the last shot at avoiding a conviction and preserving client’s livelihood. State was forced to dismiss on day of trial. Client has no criminal record, and has since expunged the DWI arrest.

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If you have been arrested and charged with a crime, the State is working on your conviction. It’s time to start building your defense.

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